Library iris.algebra.lib.mono_nat

From iris.algebra Require Export auth.
From iris.algebra Require Import numbers updates.
From iris.prelude Require Import options.

Authoritative CMRA over max_nat. The authoritative element is a monotonically increasing nat, while a fragment is a lower bound.

Definition mono_nat := auth max_natUR.
Definition mono_natR := authR max_natUR.
Definition mono_natUR := authUR max_natUR.

mono_nat_auth is the authoritative element. The definition includes the fragment at the same value so that lemma mono_nat_included, which states that mono_nat_lb n mono_nat_auth dq n, holds. Without this trick, a frame-preserving update lemma would be required instead.
Definition mono_nat_auth (dq : dfrac) (n : nat) : mono_nat :=
  {dq} MaxNat n MaxNat n.
Definition mono_nat_lb (n : nat) : mono_nat := MaxNat n.

Notation "●MN dq a" := (mono_nat_auth dq a)
  (at level 20, dq custom dfrac at level 1, format "●MN dq a").
Notation "◯MN a" := (mono_nat_lb a) (at level 20).

Section mono_nat.
  Implicit Types (n : nat).

  Global Instance mono_nat_lb_core_id n : CoreId (MN n).
  Proof. apply _. Qed.
  Global Instance mono_nat_auth_core_id l : CoreId (MN l).
  Proof. apply _. Qed.

  Lemma mono_nat_auth_dfrac_op dq1 dq2 n :
    MN{dq1 dq2} n MN{dq1} n MN{dq2} n.
    rewrite /mono_nat_auth auth_auth_dfrac_op.
    rewrite (comm _ ({dq2} _)) -!assoc (assoc _ ( _)).
    by rewrite -core_id_dup (comm _ ( _)).

  Lemma mono_nat_lb_op n1 n2 :
    MN (n1 `max` n2) = MN n1 MN n2.
  Proof. rewrite -auth_frag_op max_nat_op //. Qed.

  Lemma mono_nat_auth_lb_op dq n :
    MN{dq} n MN{dq} n MN n.
    rewrite /mono_nat_auth /mono_nat_lb.
    rewrite -!assoc -auth_frag_op max_nat_op.
    rewrite Nat.max_id //.

  Global Instance mono_nat_auth_dfrac_is_op dq dq1 dq2 n :
    IsOp dq dq1 dq2 IsOp' (MN{dq} n) (MN{dq1} n) (MN{dq2} n).
  Proof. rewrite /IsOp' /IsOp⇒ →. rewrite mono_nat_auth_dfrac_op //. Qed.
  Global Instance mono_nat_lb_max_is_op n n1 n2 :
    IsOp (MaxNat n) (MaxNat n1) (MaxNat n2) IsOp' (MN n) (MN n1) (MN n2).
  Proof. rewrite /IsOp' /IsOp /mono_nat_lb⇒ →. done. Qed.

rephrasing of mono_nat_lb_op useful for weakening a fragment to a smaller lower-bound
  Lemma mono_nat_lb_op_le_l n n' :
    n' n
    MN n = MN n' MN n.
  Proof. intros. rewrite -mono_nat_lb_op Nat.max_r //. Qed.

  Lemma mono_nat_auth_dfrac_valid dq n : ( MN{dq} n) dq.
    rewrite /mono_nat_auth auth_both_dfrac_valid_discrete /=. naive_solver.
  Lemma mono_nat_auth_valid n : MN n.
  Proof. by apply auth_both_valid. Qed.

  Lemma mono_nat_auth_dfrac_op_valid dq1 dq2 n1 n2 :
     (MN{dq1} n1 MN{dq2} n2) (dq1 dq2) n1 = n2.
    rewrite /mono_nat_auth (comm _ ({dq2} _)) -!assoc (assoc _ ( _)).
    rewrite -auth_frag_op (comm _ ( _)) assoc. split.
    - move⇒ /cmra_valid_op_l /auth_auth_dfrac_op_valid. naive_solver.
    - intros [? ->]. rewrite -core_id_dup -auth_auth_dfrac_op.
      by apply auth_both_dfrac_valid_discrete.
  Lemma mono_nat_auth_op_valid n1 n2 :
     (MN n1 MN n2) False.
  Proof. rewrite mono_nat_auth_dfrac_op_valid. naive_solver. Qed.

  Lemma mono_nat_both_dfrac_valid dq n m :
     (MN{dq} n MN m) dq m n.
    rewrite /mono_nat_auth /mono_nat_lb -assoc -auth_frag_op.
    rewrite auth_both_dfrac_valid_discrete max_nat_included /=.
    naive_solver lia.
  Lemma mono_nat_both_valid n m :
     (MN n MN m) m n.
  Proof. rewrite mono_nat_both_dfrac_valid dfrac_valid_own. naive_solver. Qed.

  Lemma mono_nat_lb_mono n1 n2 : n1 n2 MN n1 MN n2.
  Proof. intros. by apply auth_frag_mono, max_nat_included. Qed.

  Lemma mono_nat_included dq n : MN n MN{dq} n.
  Proof. apply cmra_included_r. Qed.

  Lemma mono_nat_update {n} n' :
    n n' MN n ~~> MN n'.
    intros. rewrite /mono_nat_auth /mono_nat_lb.
    by apply auth_update, max_nat_local_update.

  Lemma mono_nat_auth_persist n dq :
    MN{dq} n ~~> MN n.
    intros. rewrite /mono_nat_auth /mono_nat_lb.
    eapply cmra_update_op_proper; last done.
    eapply auth_update_auth_persist.
  Lemma mono_nat_auth_unpersist n :
    MN n ~~>: λ k, q, k = MN{# q} n.
  Proof. eapply auth_updateP_both_unpersist. Qed.
End mono_nat.

Global Typeclasses Opaque mono_nat_auth mono_nat_lb.