Library stdpp.lexico

This files defines a lexicographic order on various common data structures and proves that it is a partial order having a strong variant of trichotomy.
From stdpp Require Import numbers.
From stdpp Require Import options.

Notation cast_trichotomy T :=
  match T with
  | inleft (left _) ⇒ inleft (left _)
  | inleft (right _) ⇒ inleft (right _)
  | inright _inright _
  end.

Global Instance prod_lexico `{Lexico A, Lexico B} : Lexico (A × B) := λ p1 p2,
   lexico (p1.1) (p2.1)
   p1.1 = p2.1 lexico (p1.2) (p2.2).

Global Instance bool_lexico : Lexico bool := λ b1 b2,
  match b1, b2 with false, trueTrue | _, _False end.
Global Instance nat_lexico : Lexico nat := (<).
Global Instance N_lexico : Lexico N := (<)%N.
Global Instance Z_lexico : Lexico Z := (<)%Z.
Typeclasses Opaque bool_lexico nat_lexico N_lexico Z_lexico.
Global Instance list_lexico `{Lexico A} : Lexico (list A) :=
  fix go l1 l2 :=
  let _ : Lexico (list A) := @go in
  match l1, l2 with
  | [], _ :: _True
  | x1 :: l1, x2 :: l2lexico (x1,l1) (x2,l2)
  | _, _False
  end.
Global Instance sig_lexico `{Lexico A} (P : A Prop) `{ x, ProofIrrel (P x)} :
  Lexico (sig P) := λ x1 x2, lexico (`x1) (`x2).

Lemma prod_lexico_irreflexive `{Lexico A, Lexico B, !Irreflexive (@lexico A _)}
  (x : A) (y : B) : complement lexico y y complement lexico (x,y) (x,y).
Proof. intros ? [?|[??]]; [|done]. by apply (irreflexivity lexico x). Qed.
Lemma prod_lexico_transitive `{Lexico A, Lexico B, !Transitive (@lexico A _)}
    (x1 x2 x3 : A) (y1 y2 y3 : B) :
  lexico (x1,y1) (x2,y2) lexico (x2,y2) (x3,y3)
  (lexico y1 y2 lexico y2 y3 lexico y1 y3) lexico (x1,y1) (x3,y3).
Proof.
  intros Hx12 Hx23 ?; revert Hx12 Hx23. unfold lexico, prod_lexico.
  intros [|[??]] [?|[??]]; simplify_eq/=; auto.
  by left; trans x2.
Qed.

Global Instance prod_lexico_po `{Lexico A, Lexico B, !StrictOrder (@lexico A _)}
  `{!StrictOrder (@lexico B _)} : StrictOrder (@lexico (A × B) _).
Proof.
  split.
  - intros [x y]. apply prod_lexico_irreflexive.
    by apply (irreflexivity lexico y).
  - intros [??] [??] [??] ??.
    eapply prod_lexico_transitive; eauto. apply transitivity.
Qed.
Global Instance prod_lexico_trichotomyT `{Lexico A, tA : !TrichotomyT (@lexico A _)}
  `{Lexico B, tB : !TrichotomyT (@lexico B _)}: TrichotomyT (@lexico (A × B) _).
Proof.
 red; refine (λ p1 p2,
  match trichotomyT lexico (p1.1) (p2.1) with
  | inleft (left _) ⇒ inleft (left _)
  | inleft (right _) ⇒ cast_trichotomy (trichotomyT lexico (p1.2) (p2.2))
  | inright _inright _
  end); clear tA tB;
    abstract (unfold lexico, prod_lexico; auto using injective_projections).
Defined.

Global Instance bool_lexico_po : StrictOrder (@lexico bool _).
Proof.
  split.
  - by intros [] ?.
  - by intros [] [] [] ??.
Qed.
Global Instance bool_lexico_trichotomy: TrichotomyT (@lexico bool _).
Proof.
 red; refine (λ b1 b2,
  match b1, b2 with
  | false, falseinleft (right _)
  | false, trueinleft (left _)
  | true, falseinright _
  | true, trueinleft (right _)
  end); abstract (unfold strict, lexico, bool_lexico; naive_solver).
Defined.

Global Instance nat_lexico_po : StrictOrder (@lexico nat _).
Proof. unfold lexico, nat_lexico. apply _. Qed.
Global Instance nat_lexico_trichotomy: TrichotomyT (@lexico nat _).
Proof.
 red; refine (λ n1 n2,
  match Nat.compare n1 n2 as c return Nat.compare n1 n2 = c _ with
  | Ltλ H, inleft (left (nat_compare_Lt_lt _ _ H))
  | Eqλ H, inleft (right (nat_compare_eq _ _ H))
  | Gtλ H, inright (nat_compare_Gt_gt _ _ H)
  end eq_refl).
Defined.

Global Instance N_lexico_po : StrictOrder (@lexico N _).
Proof. unfold lexico, N_lexico. apply _. Qed.
Global Instance N_lexico_trichotomy: TrichotomyT (@lexico N _).
Proof.
 red; refine (λ n1 n2,
  match N.compare n1 n2 as c return N.compare n1 n2 = c _ with
  | Ltλ H, inleft (left (proj2 (N.compare_lt_iff _ _) H))
  | Eqλ H, inleft (right (N.compare_eq _ _ H))
  | Gtλ H, inright (proj1 (N.compare_gt_iff _ _) H)
  end eq_refl).
Defined.

Global Instance Z_lexico_po : StrictOrder (@lexico Z _).
Proof. unfold lexico, Z_lexico. apply _. Qed.
Global Instance Z_lexico_trichotomy: TrichotomyT (@lexico Z _).
Proof.
 red; refine (λ n1 n2,
  match Z.compare n1 n2 as c return Z.compare n1 n2 = c _ with
  | Ltλ H, inleft (left (proj2 (Z.compare_lt_iff _ _) H))
  | Eqλ H, inleft (right (Z.compare_eq _ _ H))
  | Gtλ H, inright (proj1 (Z.compare_gt_iff _ _) H)
  end eq_refl).
Defined.

Global Instance list_lexico_po `{Lexico A, !StrictOrder (@lexico A _)} :
  StrictOrder (@lexico (list A) _).
Proof.
  split.
  - intros l. induction l; [by intros ? | by apply prod_lexico_irreflexive].
  - intros l1. induction l1 as [|x1 l1]; intros [|x2 l2] [|x3 l3] ??; try done.
    eapply prod_lexico_transitive; eauto.
Qed.
Global Instance list_lexico_trichotomy `{Lexico A, tA : !TrichotomyT (@lexico A _)} :
  TrichotomyT (@lexico (list A) _).
Proof.
 refine (
  fix go l1 l2 :=
  let go' : TrichotomyT (@lexico (list A) _) := @go in
  match l1, l2 with
  | [], []inleft (right _)
  | [], _ :: _inleft (left _)
  | _ :: _, []inright _
  | x1 :: l1, x2 :: l2cast_trichotomy (trichotomyT lexico (x1,l1) (x2,l2))
  end); clear tA go go';
    abstract (repeat (done || constructor || congruence || by inversion 1)).
Defined.

Global Instance sig_lexico_po `{Lexico A, !StrictOrder (@lexico A _)}
  (P : A Prop) `{ x, ProofIrrel (P x)} : StrictOrder (@lexico (sig P) _).
Proof.
  unfold lexico, sig_lexico. split.
  - intros [x ?] ?. by apply (irreflexivity lexico x).
  - intros [x1 ?] [x2 ?] [x3 ?] ??. by trans x2.
Qed.
Global Instance sig_lexico_trichotomy `{Lexico A, tA : !TrichotomyT (@lexico A _)}
  (P : A Prop) `{ x, ProofIrrel (P x)} : TrichotomyT (@lexico (sig P) _).
Proof.
 red; refine (λ x1 x2, cast_trichotomy (trichotomyT lexico (`x1) (`x2)));
  abstract (repeat (done || constructor || apply (sig_eq_pi P))).
Defined.